The agreement between the United States of America, the United States of Mexico and Canada, commonly known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), is a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States in lieu of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).    The agreement has been referred to as NAFTA 2.0 or “New ALEFTA, since many nafta provisions have been introduced and its amendments have been found to be largely incremental. On 1 July 2020, the USMCA came into force in all Member States. However, Canada`s duty is to respect the self-management agreements of Aboriginal peoples, which are included in a footnote. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is not one of them. The abolition of ISDS mechanisms and the energy overs sufficiency of the agreement are important benefits for the environment. The problem is not in the new UMWELTs chapter of NAFTA, particularly the fact that climate change is not mentioned at all. Pollution is not mentioned much either. And the Paris agreement on climate change is certainly not mentioned. Although the agreement is more applicable, it does not address the most dangerous issues of our time. The agreement is designated differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The cheese agreement between the United States and Mexico.
(PDF, 3 pages, 0.01 MB) USMCA countries must comply with IMF standards to avoid exchange rate manipulation. The agreement requires disclosure of market interventions. The IMF may be summoned as an arbitrator if the parties argue.  Existing ISDS rules are now being challenged at the international level. We must ensure that other trade agreements negotiated by our government do not contain isED provisions. On December 10, 2019, the three countries reached a revised USMCA agreement. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Transposition Act in the House of Commons and passed the first reading without a registered vote. On February 6, the bill passed second reading in the House of Commons by 275 votes to 28, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties voting in its favour, and it was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.
   On 27 February 2020, the committee voted to send the bill to Parliament for third reading, without amendments.