In January 2019, the U.S. Trade Representative issued negotiating targets for a U.S.-EU trade deal, and last year President Trump threatened to impose a tariff on European car imports, and implementation of that threat was delayed until mid-2020. In 2019, the US and EU have concluded a number of trade agreements, including an agreement to facilitate the export of US beef to the EU. The Transatlantic Economic Partnership is an important driver of global economic growth, trade and prosperity and is the largest, most integrated and longest regional economic relationship in the world. The many reasons for supporting this relationship come from an economic point of view, from a geopolitical point of view, from a business utility perspective, from regulatory cooperation and from prospects for technological innovation. The implementation of compatible regulatory systems in key sectors to address regulatory disparities that unnecessarily limit trade; The abolition of tariffs on transatlantic trade; The United States and the European Union together account for 60% of global GDP, 33% of world trade in goods and 42% of world trade in services. There are a number of trade disputes between the two powers, but both depend on the economic market of the other, and disputes concern only 2% of total trade. A free trade area between the two countries would potentially be the largest regional free trade agreement in history and would cover 46% of global GDP.   At France`s request, trade in audiovisual services has been excluded from the EU`s negotiating mandate.  The European side insisted that the agreement include a chapter on the regulation of financial services; but this is rejected by the United States, which recently passed the Dodd-Frank Act in this area.  The U.S.
Ambassador to the European Union, Anthony L. Gardner, denied any connection between these two issues.  Given that the United Kingdom is expected to leave the European Union in January 2020, the EU will consist of 27 countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Mediterranean island of Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. For two economies of this size with such a high volume of trade, the EU and the United States inevitably face a number of trade disputes that are resolved through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. With regard to TTIP, a broader “transatlantic free trade area” has been adopted. [By whom?] [Citation required] On the U.S. side, other members of the North American Free Trade Area (Canada and Mexico) could be part of it; and, on the European side, members of the European Free Trade Association (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein). Mexico has already concluded a free trade agreement with EFTA and the EU, while Canada has a free trade agreement with EFTA and negotiated a free trade agreement with the EU. These agreements may need to be harmonised with the EU-US agreement and could constitute a wider free trade area.