The Untapped Potential Of Preferential Trade Agreements For Climate Governance

The German Institute for Development Policy (DIE) is one of the world`s leading think tanks for global development and international cooperation. The Klimalog project aims to better link global climate and development policies to national political and economic realities. This means raising awareness of the links between climate and development policies and promoting targeted dialogue between relevant actors in the political, scientific, civil society and private sectors. Dr. Jinnah teaches courses on global climate policy, international environmental policy and global governance. Until recently, environmental concerns played only a marginal role in trade policy. World Trade Organization (WTO) rules rarely affect environmental issues and contain primarily a derogation clause for environmental protection (GATT, Article XX). However, the growing number of modern preferential trade agreements (EPAs) covers a growing range of policy areas that go well beyond traditional tariff reductions, including environmental legislation. Many PTAs, negotiated on a bilateral and regional basis, have broad “green” components. Many PTAs include, for example, obligations not to lower environmental standards, the right to regulate for the good of the environment, and the obligation to implement multilateral environmental agreements. Change the period on the timeline under the map. Move the mouse cursor over a bubble for more information.

Click on the country bubble for detailed information on a country`s agreements and national rules. Brandi, C., Schwab, J., Berger, A., Morin, J. F. (2020). Do environmental regulations in trade agreements make developing country exports more environmentally friendly? World Development, 129 (May). Berger, Axel / Brandi / Bruhn (2017): Environmental legislation in trade agreements: promise made at the commercial and environmental interface. LE Briefing Paper 16/2017. The innovative and interactive online trend analytics tool, based on the Trade and Environment (TREND) database, which traces nearly 300 different environmental provisions in the texts of approximately 630 PTAs, offers new ways to go further and conduct research to provide detailed information on the interaction between trade and the environment and to provide a new insight into a series of relevant policy discussions. This briefing paper summarizes the latest research findings on the basis of TREND and provides a new overview of these issues and political discussions at the interface of international trade and the environment. J.

F. Morin, Chaudhuri, V., Gauquelin, M. (2018). Do trade agreements promote environmental cooperation? LE Briefing Paper 8/2018. TREND analytics focuses on bilateral and regional EDPs. It is unique because it does not only offer a prospect of adopting environmental rules through trade agreement. It also offers several opportunities to increase the wide variety of environmental provisions over time. Given the novelty of the widespread integration of environmental legislation into EPAs and the lively debate on the nature and impact of trade policy, better data and research are needed to understand and analyse this development.

Morin, J. F., Rochette, M. (2017). Transatlantic Convergence of Preferential Trade Agreements Environmental Clauses. Economics and politics, 19 (4).